The echo in a Marabar cave…is entirely devoid of distinction…Hope, politeness, the blowing of a nose, the squeak of a bat, all produce ‘boum’.
E M Forster 1879-1970
A Passage to India, (1924) chapter 14
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This is the crisis of the book: the boom of the Marabar caves. Adela Quested claims to have been raped, but there are those who think there was no physical rape, simply a visceral reaction to the caves. There is a similar moment in Bhowani Junction, by John Masters, when the Anglo-Indian woman trying to be wholly Indian has a gut reaction to the culture she is trying to melt into: